The Government of China officially turned on 27 June the first two generating units of the Baihetan Dam is the world’s second-biggest hydroelectric dam, to start generating energy. The Baihetan Dam is a large hydroelectric dam on the Jinsha River, an upper stretch of the Yangtze River in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces, in the southwest of China.
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China is a leader in developing ultra-high-voltage, or UHV, transmission technology to move power from dams in the southwest to Shanghai and other eastern cities.
Important point about this dam
- The dam is a 289-meter-tall (954-foot-tall) double-curvature arch dam, having 16 generating units.
- Each unit will have to generate a capacity of 1 million kilowatts, making it the second biggest in size after the “Three Gorges Dam” opened in 2003 on the Yangtze, with 22.5 million kilowatts of generating capacity.
- Through the Baihetan Dam, the Chinese government aims to curb surging fossil fuel demand by building more hydropower capacity. Hydropower is losing support in other countries due to complaints dams flood communities and farmland and disrupt the ecology of rivers, threatening fish and other species.
- Both the dams have been built by the state-owned Three Gorges Group Corp., the world’s biggest investor in hydro, solar, and wind generation.
What is Three Gorges Dam ?
This Dam is a hydroelectric gravity dam that spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping, in Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province, central China, downstream of the Three Gorges.
Important points for all competitive exams
- Capital of China – Beijing
- Currency of China – Renminbi
- President of China – Xi Jinping
- Largest city of China – Shanghai