What is lakes ?
A lake is an area , filled with fresh or salt water of considerable size, localized in a basin , that is surrounded by land .
एक झील एक क्षेत्र है, जो ताजे या खारे पानी से भरा हुआ है, जो एक बेसिन में घिरा हुआ है, जो जमीन से घिरा हुआ है |
Where are lakes found ?
All over the world . Lakes are not evenly distributed on the earth’s surface; most are located in high latitude and mountains regions. Canada alone contains 50% of the world lakes.
How are lakes formed ?
Glacial erosion and depostion (Glaciers formed lake basins by gouging holes in loose soil or soft bedrock, depositing material across stream beds, or leaving buried chunks of ice that later melted to leave lake basins. When these natural depressions or impoundments filled with water, they became lakes. Example – Great lakes
Shifts in earth’s crust . Example – Lake Titicaca in south america.
Craters of some extinct volcano. Example – Taal Lake
Land slides. Example – Alabad lake
How many types of lakes ?
There are two types of lakes .Trophy= nutrient (phosphorus and nitrogen).
Eutrophic lakes – Those that are shallow , saucer-like ones called eutrophic lakes .
Oligotrophic lakes – They are usually , turbid water and deep, steep- sided ones called oligotrophic lakes wity clear water.
LAKES IN INDIA
Natural lakes in india
Natural lakes in india are relatively large water bodies of fresh water surrounded by land.
For the purpose of the conservation strategy natural lakes are defined as standing water bodies larget than 20 acre.
These lakes are generally found in mountanious areas, areas with ongoing glaciation .
Chilka lake , wular lake , Dal lake, Loktak lake, Pulicat lake , Nainital lake , Gobind sagar , Maharana Pratap sagar .
Artificial lakes in India
Ana Sagar Lake, Banjara Lake, Bhadrakali Lake, Lake Foy Sagar, Hazaribagh Jheel, Hussain Sagar, Kaylana Lake, Mananchira Lake, Pashan Lake, Ramappa Lake, Ramgarh Lake, Rihand Dam, Sanjay Lake, Saroornagar Lake, Waddepally Lake, Lake Pichola, Guru Gobind Sagar.
Trick – AB BLH HKM PRRRS SWLG
Beautiful lakes in india
- Chilika Lake– Located in Orissa, Chilika Lake is one the largest salty water lakes in Asia. This second largest lagoon of the world invites migratory birds from foreign lands. The calm beautiful water body is protected zone for many endangered animals and plants and also a bountiful source for fisheries.
- Loktak Lake – Unique for its floating phumdis (vegetation), Lokatak Lake is the largest fresh water lake of North-East India. Located in Manipur, this lake is a great source of livelihood for a substantial number of fishermen.
- Dal Lake – Dal Lake is one of the precious and most popular among all the tourist attractions of India. An itinerary to Kashmir – ‘Paradise on Earth’ cannot be done without witnessing the unparalleled loveliness of this water body.
- Vembanad Lake- Located at the heart of Kerala’s backwater, Vembanad Lake is a perfect spot to admire wonders of nature.
- Pichola Lake- Located in Udaipur, Pichola Lake is a fresh water lake and is a major tourist spot of the city.
- Bhimtal Lake- Being the largest lake in Kumaon region, Bhimtal Lake is situated around 22 Km from Nainital.
- Pangong Tso Lake- Situated at an altitude of 4,250 meters, Pangong Tso Lake falls in the land of Ladakh.
- Suraj Tal Lake- Located in the Lahaul and Spiti valley of Himachal Pradesh, Suraj Tal Lake is also known as the Lake of the Sun God.
- Nainital Lake- Nainital Lake is a pear-shaped pool of fresh water situated right at the centre of the Nainital town.
- Tam Dil Lake- Located in Mizoram Tamdil Lake is one of the popular picnic spot and tourist attraction. Located 85 km from Aizwal.
- Wular Lake – Originally a lake basin, Wular Lake is another rare beauty of Kashmir. Located at a distance of 60 Km from Srinagar, this is one of the largest fresh water lakes of Asia. Surrounded by blue mountains, the place is replete with rich bio-diversity. Supported by Jhelum River, the water body gives flood protection to Kashmir valley.
- Nigeen Lake- Although Nigeen Lake is a part of Dal Lake, many times it is spoken of as a separate lake. Renowned as the ‘Jewel in the Ring’, the lake got its name for the lining of the trees encircling the blue pool or water.
- Sela Lake- To be found on high altitude, Sela Lake falls in the Twang district of Arunachal Pradesh.
- Chandratal Lake – The crescent shaped water reservoir is sandwiched between quiet Himalayan peaks. Placed at a height of 4300 meters, the lake comes under Spiti and Lahaul district of Himachal Pradesh.
- Nakki Lake- Located in Mount Abu of Rajasthan, Nakki lake is attributed with many unique facts and features. It is the largest man-made lake in India.
Lakes in india
Anchar Lake , Brari Nambal ,Dal Lake, Gadsar Lake, Gangabal Lake,Gil Sar,Hokersar,Kausar Nag,Khanpursar,Khushal Sar,Krishansar Lake,Manasbal Lake,Mansar Lake, Marsar Lake, Nandan Sar Lake,Nigeen Lake, Nundkol Lake,Satsar Lake, Sheshnag Lake, Surinsar Lake,Tarsar Lake, Tulian lake, Vishansar Lake, Wular Lake.
Tricks – ABND GGG H KKKK MMM NNN SSS TT VW
Tricks in hindi –
Bhimtal Lake ,Bhullatal ,Deoria Tal ,Dodital, Homkund, Kedartal ,Lakes of Kumaon hills,Nainital Lake ,Naukuchiatal, Pannatal ,Roopkund, Satopanth Tal, Sattal .
Tricks – BB DDH KKNN PRSS
Tricks in hindi –
Himachal pradesh lakes
- Maharana Pratap Sagar
- Pandoh Lake Tricks – MPGC
- Gobind Sagar
- Chamera Dam
Low Altitude Lakes
- Renuka Lake Tricks – RM
- Macchial Lake
Mid Altitude Lakes
- Dal Lake District kangra
- Khajjiar Lake District Chamba Tricks – DKKR
- Kumarwah Lake District Mandi
- Rewalsar Lake District mandi
High Altitude Lakes
- Prashar Lake (2730m)- Mandi district
- Dehnasar Lake (4280m) -Kangra district
- Nako Lake (3662m) – Kinnaur district
- Chandra Tal (4300m) -Lahaul & Spiti district
- Suraj Tal (4883m) -Lahaul & Spiti district
- Dhankar Lake Tricks – PDNCSDDBMGMLCKNK
- Dashair (4270m)
- Bhrighu Lake (4235m) – Kullu district
- Manimahesh Lake (4080m) -Chamba district
- Gandasaru Lake (3470m) – Chamba district
- Mahakali Lake (4080m) -Chamba district
- Lama Dal (3960m) -Chamba district
- Chander Naun (4260m)
- Kareri Lake (2934m) -Kangra district
- Nag Dal Lake (4150m)
- Kamrunag lake (3334m)
Tsomgo Lake, Menmecho Lake ,Karthok Lake ,Khecheopalri Lake, Samiti Lake, Green Lake ,Gurudongmar Lake
Tricks – TM KK S GG
Tricks in Hindi–त्सोमो म झील
Madhy pradesh lakes
Bhojtal – 31 sq. km, Lower Lake- 9.6 sq. km ,Moti Lake, Sharangpani Lake , Tawa lake – 225 sq. km , Shahpura lake
Tricks – Bhosha shl Moti
Tricks in Hindi –
Saline (Salt water lakes)
Sambhar lake, Panchpadra lake, Lunkaransar lake , Deedwana lake , Tal Chappar and some other salt of lakes are Degana , kuchaman, Falaudi , Rewasa, Kavod.
Tricks – SPL DT
Fresh water lakes
Ana sagar lake, Lake Foy Sagar , Pushkar lake, Siliserh lake, Anand Sagar lake , Dailab lake, Jait Sagar lake, Kanak Sagar lake , Nawal Sagar lake, Gaib Sagar lake, Gadsisar lake, Balsamand lake. Jaisamand lake ,Rajsamand lake , Kailana lake, Kishore Sagar lake , Doodh Talai , Fateh Sagar lake, Pichola lake , Udai Sagar lake,.
Tricks – AL PSAD JKNG GBJR KKDFPU
Budhapara lake, Budha Talab lake, Telibandha Talab lake , Maharajabandh lake
Tricks – BB TM
Bindhu Sarovar, Brahma Kund , Chandola lake, Damodar lake, Gopi Talav , Gomti lake, Gaurishankar lake, Gangajalia lake, Hamirsar lake, Lakhota lake, Kankaria lake, Munsar lake Viramgam, Nagalpur lake, Nal Sarovar, Narayan Sarovar, Para lake, Shakoor lake, Sahasralinga Talav, Sursagar lake , Saputara lake, Thol lake, Vastrapur lake.
Tricks – BB CD GGGG HLKM NNNP SSSS TV
Andhra Pradesh lakes
Kolleru lake(largest shallow freshwater lake in Asia) , Pulicat lake(second largest brackish water lake in india) , Cumbum lake (one of the oldest man-made lakes in Asia) or Gundlakamma lake.
Trick – KPC
Loktak lake, Lousi lake, Zeilad lake, Waithou lake, Kachouphung lake
Trick – LLZWK
Chandubi lake, Dighalipukhuri, Son Beel, Dipor Beel, Dora Beel, Haflong lake, Kapla Beel, Maguri Motapung Beel, Morikalang Beel, Samaguri Beel, Silsako lake, Urpad Beel.
Trick – CD SD DHKM MSSU
Badkhal lake, Basai wetland, Blue Bird lake, Brahma Sarovar, Damdama lake, Gurugram Bhim kund, Hathni kund, Karna lake, Kotla lake, Tilyar lake, Sultanpur lake, Surajkund (lake of Sun)
Trick – BBBB DGH KK TSS
Other lakes of Haryana
Sannjhit Sarovar, Sukhna lake, Bhindawas lake, Basolan lake, Dabur lake, Dehvatali lake, Dohla lake.
Trick – SSBBDDD
Pangong Tso, Tso Moriri lake, Kyun Tso and Ryul Tso , Chagar Tso, Lang Tso and Stat Tso, Tso kar lake, Yarab Tso lake, Mirpal Tso, Kiagar Tso.
Trick – PT KC LT YMK
Utter Pradesh lakes
- Ramgarhtaal and Chiluataal ‐Gorakhpur,
- Bakhira jheel – Sant Kabir nath,
- Karela and Etauja jheel – Lucknow,
- Nawabgunj jheel and Kundra Samundra – Unnao,
- Badataal (Gokhur) – Shahjahanpur,
- Payag jheel – Bahraich,
- Parvati and Agrtal – Gonda,
- Jirgo and Tirsi lake, Tanda darti taal – Mirzapur,
- Bhugetaal and Visaithataal- Raibareli,
- Liloor jheel – Bareli,
- Thithoora jheel, Morai taal – Fatehpur,
- Beti, Ajgara and Nuiya Jheel -Pratapgarh,
- Surah Taal – Balia,
- Moti and Gaur jheel – Rampur,
- Shukrataal- Muzzafanagar,
- Raamtaal- Meerut,
- Kimath taal – Agra,
- Sheikh jheel – Aligarh ,
- Govind Ballabh pant sagar – Sonbhadra,
- Alwara jheel – Koshambi,
- Aundhi taal – Varanasi,
- Raja ka Bandh, Laundhi and bhojpur taal – Sultanpur,
- Darwan jheel – Faizabad,
- Bal Hapara – Kanpur,
- Lakshmi taal, Baruasagar and Bhasneh – Jhansi
- Sagar taal – Badaun
- Madan Sagar – Mahoba
- Pangaili Fulhar or Gomti taal – Pilibhit
- Dahar jheel, Bhijwaan jheel – Hardoi
- Devaria taal – Kannauj
- Bhakha jheel – Etawah
- Sita kund (Misrikh), Chakra kund (Naumish ) – Sitapur
- Bharatkund – Ayodhya
- Radhakund , Shyamkund, Govindkund and Mansi Ganga kund – Govardhan
- Kokilakund , Krishnakund- Kokila forrst, Mathura
- Nauh Jheel – Mathura
Trick – RCB KE NK BP PA JTT BVL TM BAN SMG SRK SG AARLB DB LBB SMP DB SC B RSGM KK N
West Bengal lakes
Mirik lake , Motijhil, Purbashali, Rabindra Sarobar, Rasikbil, Sagardighi, Senchal lake.
Trick – MM PRR SS
Tamil Nadu lakes
Red hills lake, Chembarambakkam lake, Veernam lake, Kolavai lake, Ambattur lake, Kodaikanal lake, Singanallur lake, Valankulam lake, Kaliveli lake .
Trick – RCV KAK SVK
Chilka lake , Ansupa lake, Pata lake, Kanjia lake.
Trick – CAP K
Unkal lake , Honnamana lake, Ulsor lake, Manipal lake,Bellandur lake, Madiwala lake, Amrita Sarovar, Hesarghatta lake, Sanapur lake, Kamalapur lake, Karanji lake, Melukote lake, Varthur lake , Madagadakere lake, Kukkaranahalli lake.
Trick – UH UMBM AH SKK MVMK
Umiam lake, Thadlaskein Lake
Mataur lake, Bassian lake, Goindwal lake, Malav lake, Maharaja aji sarovar.
Trick- MB GM M
Beldih lake, Dimna lake, Jubilee lake, Jayanti lake, Ranchi lake, Hudco lake, Hazaribagh lake.
Trick – BD JJ RHH