Geographical Indication (GI) Tag : Geographical Indication (GI) refers to a name or sign of/on a product that has a close similarity with a specific geographical location or origin. These geographical locations/origins may include a town, region, or country.
The Geographical Indication is used as a type of indication of the source. It acts as a certification that the product possesses specific qualities, or is made with traditional methods, or has specific reputation due to its geographical origin.
So, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) enacted the GI Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs)
Example:- From 15th September 2003, Geographical Indication, known as GI came into effect. The first product to carry the sign was Darjeeling Tea.
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Importance of Geographical Indication tag
- When a local product is given GI tag so it gets preservation and its value rises and becomes valuable.
- The local product can be exported if they get this tag. Thus increases export of products.
- If any agricultural products gets this tag so the farmers directly get benefit from that, thus their income increases.
- If any manufactured good gets this tag, so it will boosts the MSME sector.
- If any handicrafts get this tag, so it raises employment in that particular region. It gets a new identity.
- It also boosts tourism in that area where the GI tagged good has its origin.
- Altogether, it is helpful in the economic empowerment of rural and tribal communities.
- With this speciality, the production of fake good of GI tagged good can be stopped.
GI Tag registration in India in 2017 (V. Imp for prelims)
- Banganapalle Mango, Bengali Rosgolla, Tulanpanji Rice (Bengal), Pochampally Ikat of Telangana; Gobindobhog Rice of West Bengal; Durgi Stone Carvings and Etikoppaka Toys of Andhra Pradesh; and Chakshesang Shawl of Nagaland.
Important Solved questions related to competitive exams
- Where is the geographical indication registry located in India? – The Geographical Indications Registry is located at Chennai.
- How many products got GI tag in India? – India now has more than 361 GI Tags
- Which state in India has highest GI tag? – Karnataka (47 GI tag)
- Which country has highest number of GI tags? – Germany
- What is the time limit of the GI tag? – A GI is registered for an initial period of ten years, which may be renewed from time to time.
- Which products are not received from GI tag in Karnataka? – Coorg betel nut from Karnataka has not received GI tag.
- GI Tag is governed which International organisation? – WTO
Most Important Latest GI Tag in NEWS 2021
- 🍚 Judima Rice – Assam 🆕
- ✋Sojat mehndi – Rajasthan🆕
- 🧀 Sarbhaja – West Bengal 🆕
- 🧈 Sarpuria – West Bengal 🆕
- 🍋 Jardalu Mangoes – Bihar
- 🍄 Gucchi Mushroom – Jammu & Kashmir
- 🎨 Sohrai and Kohbar Art – Jharkhand
- 🌶 Khola chili – Goa
- 🍚 Chak-Hao, Black rice – Manipur
- 🌬 Gorakhpur terracotta – Uttar Pradesh
- 🍩 Kovilpatti Kadalai Mittai – Tamil Nadu
- 🌸 Kashmir Saffron – Jammu & Kashmir
- 🎍Thanjavur Netti and Arumbavur Wood carving – Tamil Nadu
- 🍓Shahi litchi – Bihar
- 🎨 Sohrai Khovar Painting – Jharkhand
- 🍋 Telia Rumal Telangana Shahi Lichi & Zardalu Mango – Bihar
- 🌶 Moira bananas, Harmal Chillies, Khaje – Goa
- 🌶 Dalle Khursani – Sikkim