National Parks an area of scenic beauty, historical importance, etc. owned and maintained by a national government. One or several ecosystems not materially altered by human exploitation and occupation, where plant and animal species, geomorphological sites and habitats are of special scientific, educational, and recreational interest or which contain a natural landscape of great beauty. National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. World first national park is yellowstone national park established in 1872. India’s first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park. By 1970, India only had five national parks.
National Parks of India
Fact of Rajasthan –
- Rajasthan was inhabited long before 2500 bc. Rajasthan is the largest state of the republic of india by area. It is known as the ‘land of palaces and forts. Rajasthan was formed on 30 march 1949 . The magic of rajasthan is unequalled in the world for, its rich heritage, colourful culture, exciting desert safaris, shining sand-dunes, amazing variety lush forests culture, safaris, sand dunes and lush green forests with its wildlife.
- Rajasthan is known for his great history and called as “the land of kings”. Rajasthan has a rich and colourful history that makes it one of the most admired tourist destinations in india.
National Parks in Rajasthan
- Sariaka National Park
- Ranthambhore National Park
- Kevala Devi National Park
- Desert National Park Tricks – SRK DP TK TM
- Pass National Park
- Thick Bird National Park
- Kevala Devi National Park
- Tal Chhapar Sanctuary
- Mount Abu Wild Life Sanctuary
Fact of Madhya Pradesh –
- Madhya Pradesh ( literally “Central Province”), abbreviated MP, is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore.
- Nicknamed the “heart of India” due to its geographical location in India,Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state in the country by area.
- With 11 national park, 25 sanctuaries and 3 UNESCO world heritage sites, the state is home of rich culture heritage; innumerable monuments , large plateau, mountain ranges, rivers & miles of dense forest.
National Parks in Madhya Pradesh
- Kanha National Park
- Pench National Park
- Panna National Park
- Satpura National Park Tricks – KPP SV RB SMKM
- Van Vihar Park
- Rudra Sagar Lake National Park
- Bandhavgarh National Park
- Sanjay National Park
- Madhav National Park
- Kuno National Park
- Mandla Plant Fossil National Park
Facts of Arunachal Pradesh –
- Located in northeast India, Arunachal Pradesh bordersthe states of Assam and Nagaland to thesouth, and shares international borderswith Bhutan in the west, Burma in the east andthe Peoples Republic of China (PRC) in thenorth .
- Arunachal Pradesh means “land of the dawn-lit mountains”. It is also known as “land of the rising sun“ (“pradesh” means “state”, “territory”or “region”) in reference to its position as the easternmost state of India.
- Much of Arunachal Pradesh is covered bythe Himalayas. However, partsof Lohit, Changlang and Tirap are covered bythe Patkai hills. Kangto, Nyegi Kangsang, the mainGorichen peak and the Eastern Gorichen peakare some of the highest peaks in this region of theHimalayas
National Park in Arunachal Pradesh
Namdapha National Park
Facts of Haryana –
- Haryana is a state in North India with its capital as Chandigarh.
- 1 November 1966 on the basis of language distribution. There are 18 cites in Haryana.
- Total Area is 44,212 km2 .
- Haryana is extremely hot in summer at around 45 °C (113 °F) and mild in winter.
- HARYANA : “THE ABODE OF GOD”
- Ancient name of haryana is HARITANAKA.
- Haryana was named after the Great Rana Har Rai, a great General of Samrat Prithviraj Chauhan.
National Parks in Haryana
- Sultanpur National Park
- Kaleshar National Park
Facts of Uttar Pradesh –
- The fourth largest state in India and fourth largest state by economy in India.
- The most commonly spoken language of the state is Hindi. English and Urdu are the other languages used.
- Noida, Ghaziabad, Allahabad, Kanpur, Meerut and Saharanpur are some of the key cities in the state.
- The state has three major seasons, viz., • Hot weather (March-June), • Rainy season (July-September) • Cold weather (October-February).
- Uttar Pradesh shares its border with Nepal in the North and the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh in the Northwest, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan in the West, Madhya Pradesh in the South, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand in the Southeast and Bihar in the East.
National Parks in Uttar Pradesh
- Dudwa National Park
- Chandraprabha Wildlife Vihar
Facts of Jharkhand –
- Jharkhand is a state in eastern India. It was carved out of the southern part of Bihar.
- Jharkhand shares it’s border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south and West Bengal to the east.
- It has an area of 30,778sq mi (79,710km).
- The name Jharkhand means “The Land of Forests”.
- Jharkhand is popularly known as Vananchal .
National Parks in Jharkhand
- Betla National Park
- Hazaribagh National Park
- Dheema National Park
Facts of Manipur–
- Manipur, as the namesuggests, is a land of jewels.
- It is oneof the “7 Sisters”of North-Eastern India.
- Its rich cultural heritage inmartial arts, dance, theatreand sculpture has endured the test of time.
- The charm of Manipur lies in its breath-taking natural beauty with lush greenery and a moderate climate.
- The state of Manipur shares 352 km of international boundary with Myanmar and lies south of Nagaland ,North of Mizoram and east of Burma and west of Assam.
National Parks in Manipur
- Kaibul Lamzhou National Park
- Sirohi National Park
- Sikkim is a landlocked Indian state located in the Himalayan mountains.
- The state is bordered by Nepal to the west, China’sTibet Autonomous Region to the north and east, and Bhutan to the east. The Indian state of West Bengal lies to the south.
- The most widely accepted origin theory of the name Sikkim is that it is a combination of two Limbu words: su, which means “new”, and khyim, which means “palace” or “house”. The name is believed to be a reference to the palace built by the state’s first ruler,Phuntsog Namgyal. The Tibetan name for Sikkim is Denjong, which means “valley of rice”, while the Bhutias call it Beyul Demazong, which means ‘”the hidden valley of rice”. The Lepcha people, the original inhabitants of Sikkim, called it Nye- mae-el, meaning “paradise”.In History, Sikkim is known as Indrakil, the garden of the war god .
National Park in Sikkim
Khanchanjonga National Park
Facts of Tripura –
Tripura is located in Eastern India. It is surrounded by bangladesh in the north, south, and west sides. On the east side we have India. It is bordered by Karimganj district of Assam and Aizawl district of Mizoram Tripura is located in a place were the climate is very hot and muggy. It is a good place for agriculture.
National Parks in tripura
- Clouded leopard National Park
- Rajbari National Park
Facts of Tamil Nadu
- Tamil Nadu is an enchanting and ancient land in the extreme south of peninsular India. It has an impressive coastline along the Bay of Bengal over 1000 k.m.
- Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state in India by area 130,058 km2 and the sixth most populous state in India.
- Tamilnadu is establish in 26 January 1950.
- Nearly 33,000 ancient temples, many at least 800 to 1200 years old, are found scattered all over the state.
- Temple in TamilNadu
- Ranganathanswamy temple is often listed as the largest functioning Hindu temple in the world.
- Thillai Natarajah Temple, Annamalaiyar Temple, Meenakshi Amman Temple (also called: Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple
National Parks in TamilNadu
- Gulf of Manar National Park
- Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park
- Plani Hills National Park
- Mukuruthi National Park
- Guniday National Park
Facts of Odisha
- Located on the eastern coast of India. The state is border by Madhya Pradesh in the west, Andhra Pradesh in the south ,West Bengal in north-east , Bay of Bengal in the east and Bihar in the north. Area = 1,55,707 Sq. Km.
- Capital of Odisha is Bhubaneswar. Language spoken is Oriya. Odisha consists of 30 districts. Fertile plains along the coast. Forested highlands towards the interior. Western and northern portions of the state are occupied by the Chota nagpur plateaus.
- 33% forest area and repositories of Bamboo, Teak, Rosewood, Sanghvan and Haldi . Mammals – White Tigers, Sloth Bear Mongoose, Flying Squirrel, Olive Ridley Turtle, Alexandrine Parakeet , Indian Pied Hornbill, Hill Mynah.
- The ancient name was Kalinga. Controlled and traded with most of the sea routes in the Bay of Bengal. Mahapadmanabh of Nanda dynasty who ascended the throne of Magadha in 362 B. C. conquered and instituted Kalinga to his extensive empire. Kalinga became economically prosperous under the Nanda rule.
- Temples in Odisha
- Jagannath temple in Puri , Sun temple in Konark , Rajarani temple in Bhubaneswar and Mukteswar temple in Bhubaneswar
National Parks in Odisha
- Bhitrganica National Park
- Simli National Park
- Nandankanan National Zoo
- Chilka Lake Sanctuary
- Mountain National Park
- Murlane National Park
- Phangpui National Park
- Dampa Reserve
Jammu and Kashmir
- Dachigram National Park
- Salim Ali National Park
- Kistwad National Park
- Hamnish National Park
- Biosphere Reserve, Srinagar
- Sundarbans National Park
- Buxa National Park
- Jaldhapara National Park
- Goruvara National Park
- Singhalila National Park
- Neora Valley National Park
- Manas National Park
- Kaziranga National Park
- Nameri National Park
- Rajiv Gandhi Orang Park
- Dibrugarh Sheikhowal National Park
- Andhra Pradesh
- Kasru Brahmananda Reddy National Park
- Indira Gandhi Zoological Park
- Marugawami National Park
- Sri Venkateswaram National Park
- Kavala National Park
- Nagarjuna Sagar National Park
- Nelapattu Bird National Park
- Borivali (Sanjay Gandhi) National Park
- Chandoli National Park
- Tabora National Park
- Guggamal National Park
- Nawagaon National Park
- Tansa National Park, Thane
- Melghat National Reserve
- Andaman and Nicobar
- Sadil Peak National Park
- Mahatma Gandhi Marine (Vandoor) National Park
- Fosil National Park
- Campbell National Park
- Galtha National Park
- Mount Harrit National Park
- Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
- Himachal Pradesh
- Pin Valley Park
- Great Himalaya National Park
- Rohalla National Park
- Kirganga National Park
- Simalabra National Park
- Indrakila National Park
- Shikri Devi Sanctuary
- Gir National Park
- Marine National Park
- Blake Book National Park
- Gulf of Kutch
- Vansada National Park
- Jim Corbett National Park
- Valley of Flower National Park
- Nanda Devi National Park
- Rajaji National Park
- Govind Pasu Vihar National Park
- Gangotri National Park
- Kanger Valley (Kanger Valley) National Park
- Indravati National Park
- Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park
- Silent Valley National Park
- Periyar National Park
- Mathiketan National Park
- Annamudai National Park
- Arnakulam National Park
- Bandipur National Park
- Nagarhole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park
- Ansi National Park
- Bannerghatla National Park
- Kudurmukh National Park
- Tungabhadra National Park
- Harikai Wetland National Park
- Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National Park
- Kinnarasani Sanctuary
- Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
- Netravali Wildlife Park
- Chaura National Park
- Bhagwan Mahaveer National Park
- Valmiki National Park
- Vikramasila Gangtic Dolphin Sanctuary
- Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary
- Intangki Sanctuary, Koheema
- Balfkaram National Park
- Seju Reserve
- Nangkhilem Sanctuary