Alzheimer's disease

The first time diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease was in 1906. Alzheimer’s is a progressive brain disorder. It slowly destroys memory , behavior and thinking skills. Eventually, when someone has Alzheimer’s, they lose the ability to thinking simple tasks. Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia. At this time, science hasn’t found a cure, nor is there a way to prevent the disease. In the world all places , Alzheimer’s disease is most common in Western Europe. North America is close behind. In the United States, 5.5 million people have the disease. Every 66 seconds, someone in the U.S. receives an Alzheimer’s diagnosis . World Alzheimer’s Day is observed on 21st September every year to raise the awareness about Alzheimer’s and Dementia. 

What is Alzheimer’s disease ?

Alzheimer’s disease or dementia disease is a progressive brain disorder that is characterised by the degeneration of brain cells and their death, eventually. It is the most prevalent cause behind dementia, which causes a continuous decline in thinking, social skills, and behaviours. A combination of factors including lifestyle, genetic changes, environmental causes, etc. contributes to the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. Though the exact cause behind the onset of this progressive disease is unknown, researchers believe that improper functioning of brain proteins disrupts the work of neurons causing a series of toxic events.,This is what leads to the damage and ultimately death of neurons.

    Being old, having a family history of Alzheimer’s disease, suffering from Down syndrome, having mild cognitive impairment, etc. increase your risk of developing Alzheimer’s that can disrupt your ability to perform the daily task. On 21 September,  the World Alzheimer’s Day 2020, we tell you about some of the prominent early signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease that can help in the timely diagnosis and treatment of the condition.

What is theme of World Alzheimer’s Day in 2020 ?

The theme for World Alzheimer’s Month in 2020 is

What is symptoms of Alzheimer disease ?

  • Increasing Loss in Memory

Forgetting some of the basic things like somebody’s mobile number, address, or the place where you may have kept your house keys, is normal. If you are repeating statements, get lost in familiar places, forget conversations or important events, even fail to remember the names of your family members, you are most probably suffering from Alzheimer’s disease.

 

  •  Problems in Thinking And Reasoning

If you feel difficulty in concentrating and reasoning, you are probably suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. For such patients, multitasking seems to be extremely difficult and they especially cannot manage finance. Dealing with numbers can be challenging for Alzheimer’s patients.

 

  • Difficulty in Making Judgements

If you are facing issues in making even small daily judgements like what to wear as per the weather, how to drive in an unexpected situation, or how to cook, you are probably dealing with Alzheimer’s.

 

  • Changing in Behaviour

Alzheimer’s causes certain brain changes that can affect your mood and behaviour. It can further cause problems like mood swings, changes in sleeping habits, delusions, social withdrawal, apathy, and even depression.

Alzheimer’s disease in 7 stages 

The Alzheimer’s disease are 7 stage –

Stage 1 – no impairment, 

Stage 2 – very mild decline, 

Stage 3 – mild decline,

 Stage 4 – moderate decline,

 Stage 5 – moderately severe decline, 

Stage 6 – severe decline and 

Stage 7 – very severe decline. 

The seriousness of this disease demands awareness and hence, it is crucial that people should understand and encourage openness and discussion on dementia.

Why is World Alzheimer’s Day  important?

Globally, Alzheimer’s disease is one of the biggest challenges we face, with nearly 50 million people living with Alzheimer’s disease worldwide. To tackle this global Alzheimer’s disease challenge we need to work together, and to collaborate and share best practice with  each other .

 

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